Use the dropdown to jump to a different tour leg.


5. Walking in the Footsteps of Woodland Indians

Just beyond the bridge, you will ascend a kame terrace whose flattop and steep sides provided a well-drained area for Indians to locate their campsites. As you walk along the terrace look for the remains of two large charcoal hearths, 50 ft. to the left. Hearths are identified as level areas about 30 ft. wide with a shallow ditch around their edge. Charcoal was made here, from the Revolutionary War through the Civil War, by piling 30 cords of wood together, covering it with leaves and pine needles, and banking it with a dirt ditch. It took 14 days to burn the wood to produce charcoal for the area's iron ore furnaces.

For the next 20 minutes you are, literally walking in the footsteps of the woodland Indians that made this terrace their home from 2000 BC to 600 AD. This area is on the National Register of Historic Places because of the recent discovery of 18 Indian village sites and many artifacts. It is easy to understand why the Indians were drawn to this Eden like spot with its sheltering trees, fresh water, abundant wildlife, fertile fields, wetlands with reeds for weaving, and soapstone for quarrying.